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Selected Bibliography on Emerson

Note: Further criticism is listed at the end of most of Emerson's essays, Nature, and poetry.


Bryer, Jackson R. and Robert A. Rees. A Checklist of Emerson Criticism 1951-1961. Hartford: Transcendental Books, 1964.

Burkholder, Robert E. and Joel Myerson. Emerson: An Annotated Secondary Bibliography. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985.

Burkholder, Robert E. and Joel Myerson. Ralph Waldo Emerson: An Annotated Bibliography of Criticism, 1980-1991. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Woodlief, Annette. Emerson's Prose: An Annotated Checklist of Literary Criticism Through 1976. Studies in the American Renaissance, 1978. Pages 105-160.

See also Web Site Paul Reuben's Emerson bibliography

Belknap Press at Harvard University publishes the Web Site definitive editions of Emerson's works,including lectures and journals.


Allen, Gay Wilson. Waldo Emerson; a Biography. NY: Viking P, 1981.

Barish, Evelyn. Emerson: The Roots of Prophecy. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1989.

Buell, Lawrence. Emerson. Cambridge: Belknap [Harvard] P, 2003. Web Site Review.

Bufano, Randolf J. "Emersonís Apprenticeship to Carlyle, 1827-1848." American Transcendental Review. 13 (1972): 17-25. Note Note.

Gonnaud, Maurice. An Uneasy Solitude. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1987.

Harris, Kenneth Marc. Carlyle and Emerson: Their Long Debate. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978. Note Note.

McAleer, John. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Days of Encounter. Boston: Little, 1984.

Porte, Joel. Emerson in His Journals. Cambridge: Belknap P, 1982. Note Note.

Slater, Joseph, ed. The Correspondence of Emerson and Carlyle. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.Note Note.

Porte, Joel. Representative Man: Ralph Waldo Emerson in his Time. NY: Oxford UP, 1978.

Richardson, Robert D. Emerson : The Mind on Fire : a Biography  University of California: Berkeley, 1995. Note Note.

Robinson, David. Apostle of Culture. Philadelphia: UP Press, 1982.

Rohler, Lloyd. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Preacher and Lecturer. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1995.

Rusk, Ralph. The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson. NY: Columbia UP, 1957.

Thurin, Erik Ingvar. The Universal Autobiography of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lund, Sweden: C. W. K. Gleerup, 1974. Note Note.

Wagenknecht, Edward. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Portrait of a Balanced Soul. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974. Note Note.

Criticism and Collections

Anderson, John Q. The Liberating Gods. Coral Gables: Univ. of Miami P, 1971. Note Note.

Bishop, Jonathan. Emerson on the Soul. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1964. Portions reprinted in Sealts, pp. 140-44, and Konvitz, pp. 201-10. Note Note.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Emerson's Essays: Modern Critical Interpretations. NY: Chelsea House, 2006. Includes "Circles" by Stephen Whicher, "Reading Emerson for the Structures: The Coherences of the Essays" by Lawrence Buell; "Spelling Time: The Reader in Emerson's 'Circles'" by David Wyatt; "Experience" by Barbara Packer; "Emerson: The American Religion" by Harold Bloom; "Representing Grief: Emerson's 'Experience'" by Sharon Cameron; "From Wordsworth to Emerson" by David Bromwich; "'Here or Nowhere': Essays" Second Series" by David Robinson, "Friendship and Love" by George Kateh; "From Philosophy to Rhetoric: by Pamela Schirmeister; "Justice to Emerson" by Kerry Larson, and "Afterthought: Reflections in the Evening Land" by Harold Bloom.

Brown, Lee R. The Emerson Museum: Practical Romanticism and the Pursusuit of the Whole. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1997.

Buell, Lawrence, editor. Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, NJ. 1993. Note Note.

Burkholder, Robert and Joel Myerson, eds. Critical Essays on Waldo Emerson. Boston: G.K. Hall and Co., 1983.

Cady, E. H. and Louis Budd, eds. On Emerson. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1988.

Carpenter, Frederic Ives. Emerson and Asia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1930.

Carpenter, Frederic. The Emerson Handbook. NY: Hendricks House, 1953. Note Note.

Cavell, Stanley. Conditions Handson and Unhandsome: The Constitution of Emersonian Perfectionism. Chicago: U Chicago P, 1990.

Cayton, Mary Kupiec. Emerson's Emergence: Self and Society in the Transformation of New England, 1800-1845. Chapel Hill: UNC P, 1989.

Cheyfitz, Eric, The Trans-Parent: Sexual Politics in the Language of Emerson. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1981.

Donadio, Stephen, Stephen Railton, and Ormond Seavey. Emerson and His Legacy: Essays in Honor of Quentin Anderson. Carbondale: SIU P, 1986. Note Note.

Duncan, Jeffrey. The Power and Form of Emerson's Thought. Charlottesville: U VA P, 1973.Note Note.

Ellison, Julie K. Emerson's Romantic Style. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1984.

Field, Susan L. The Romance of Desire: Emerson's Commitment to Incompletion. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1997.

Fuller, Randall. Emerson's Ghosts: Literature, Politics, and the Making of Americanists. NY: Oxford Univ. Press, 2007.

Garvey, T. Gregory, ed. The Emerson Dilemma: Essays on Emerson and Social Reform. Athens: Uni of GA P, 2001. Note Note.

Geldard, Richard G. The Esoteric Emerson: The Spiritual Teachings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1993.

Geldard, Richard G. God in Concord: Ralph Waldo Emerson's Awakening to the Infinite. Burdett, N.Y.: Larson, 1999.

Gelpi, Donald L. Endless Seeker: The Religious Quest of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1991.

Gougeon, Len. Virtue's Hero: Emerson, Antislavery, and Reform. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

Harris, Kenneth Marc. "Coleridge, Carlyle and Emerson." Essays in Literature. Fall 89: 263-279. Note Note.

Hodder, Alan D. Emerson's Rhetoric of Revelation: Nature, the Reader, and the Apocalypse Within. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1989.

Hopkins, Vivian C. Spires of Form: A Study of Emersonís Aesthetic Theory. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1951. Note Note.

Hudnut, Robert K. The Aesthetics of Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Materials and Methods of His Poetry. Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.

Hughes, Gertrude Reif. Emerson's Demanding Optimism Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984. Note Note.

Hutch, Richard A. Emerson's Optics: Biographical Process and the Dawn of Religious Leadership. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1983.

Ihrig, Mary Alice. Emersonís Transcendental Vocabulary. New York: Garland, 1982.

Jacobson, David. Emerson's Pragmatic Vision: the Dance of the Eye. University Park: Penn State UP, 1993.

James, William. Address at the Emerson Centenary in Concord (1903).

Kateb, George . Emerson and Self-Reliance. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage P, 1995. NoteNote.

Konvitz, Milton R. and Stephen E. Whicher, eds. Emerson: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1962.

Lange, Lou Ann. The Riddle of Liberty: Emerson on Alienation, Freedom, and Obedience. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986.

Leary, Lewis. Ralph Waldo Emerson: An Interpretive Essay. Boston: Twayne, 1980. Review.

Levin, David, ed. Emerson: Prophecy, Metamorphosis and Influence. New York: Columbia UP, 1975.

Levin, Jonathan. The Poetics of Transition: Emerson, Pragmatism, and American Literary Modernism. Durham: Duke UP, 1999.

Lopez, Michael. Emerson and Power: Creative Antagonism in the Nineteenth Century. Dekalb, ILL: N ILL UP, 1996. Web Site

Lothstein, Arthur S. and Michael Brodrick, eds. New Morning: Emerson in the Twenty-first Century. Albany: SUNY Press, 2008.

Loving, Jerome. Emerson, Whitman, and the American Muse. Chapel Hill: UNC P, 1982.

Makarushka, Irene S. Religious Imagination and Language in Emerson and Nietzsche. New York: St. Martin's, 1994.

McMillin, T. S. Our Preposterous Use of Literature: Emerson and the Nature of Reading. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. Review..

Michael, John. Emerson and Skepticism : the Cipher of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins P, 1988.

Mott, Wesley T. and Robert Burkholder, ed. Emersonian Circles: Essays in Honor of Joel Myerson. Rochester: URochester, 1997. Chapters on Emerson.

Myerson, Joel, ed. Emerson Centenary Essays. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1982.

Myerson, Joel, ed. Historical Guide to Ralph Waldo Emerson. Oxford, 2000.

Neufeldt, Leonard. Emerson: New Appraisals: Symposium. Hartford, CN: Transcendental Books, 1973.

Neufeldt, Leonard, The House of Emerson. Lincoln, NE: U Nebraska P, 1982.

Newfield, Christopher. The Emerson Effect: Individualism and Submission in America. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago P, 1996.

O'Keefe, Richard R. Mythic Archetypes in Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Blakean Reading. Kent: Kent State UP, 1995. Note Note.

Packer, Barbara. Emerson's Fall. New York: Continuum, 1982.

Paul, Sherman. Emerson's Angle of Vision: Man and Nature in American Experience. Harvard University: Cambridge, 1952. Note Note.

Poirier, Richard. The Renewal of Literature: Emersonian Reflections. New York: Random House, 1987.

Porte, Joel, editor. Emerson: Prospect and Retrospect. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1982.

Porte, Joel, ed. Emerson in His Journals. 1984.

Porte, Joel, Emerson and Thoreau: Transcendentalists in Conflict. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1966. Note Note.

Porte, Joel and Saundra Morris, editors. The Cambridge Companion to Ralph Waldo Emerson. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999. Note Note.

Porter, David T. Emerson and Literary Change. Harvard University: Cambridge, 1978. Note Note.

Rao, Adapa Ramakrishna. Emerson and Social Reform. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1980.

Roberson, Susan L. Emerson in His Sermons. Columbia: University of Missouri P, 1995.

Robinson, David. Apostle of Culture: Emerson as Preacher and Lecturer. Philadelphia: U Penn P, 1982.

Robinson, David M. Emerson and the Conduct of Life: Pragmatism and Ethical Purpose in the Later Work. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Robinson, David. The Spiritual Emerson: Essential Writings. Boston: Beacon Press, 2003. Note Note.

Rosenwald, Lawrence. Emerson and the Art of the Diary. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.

Rountree, Thomas J., editor.Critics on Emerson. Coral Gables: U Miami P, 1973.

Sacks, Kenneth S. Understanding Emerson: "The American Scholar" and His Struggle for Self-Reliance. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2003.

Scheick, William J. The Slender Human Word: Emerson's Artistry in Prose. Knoxville: UT P, 1978.

Schermeister, Pamela. Less Legible Meanings: Between Poetry and Philosophy in the Work of Emerson. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1999.

Sealts, Merton M. and Afred R. Ferguson, eds. Emerson's "Nature"--Origin, Growth, Meaning. 2d ed. Carbondale: SIU P, 1979.

Sealts, Merton M., Jr. Emerson on the Scholar. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1992.

Simon, Myron, and Thonton H. Parsons, eds. Transcendentalism and Its Legacy. Ann Arbor: UMich P, 1966.

Steele, Jeffrey. The Representation of the Self in the American Renaissance. Chapel Hill: UNC P, 1987.

Teichgraeber, Richard F., III. Sublime Thoughts/Penny Wisdom: Situating Emerson and Thoreau in the American Market. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1995.

Van Cromphout, Gustaaf. Emerson's Ethics. Columbia: University of Missouri P, 1999.

Van Cromphout, Gustaaf. Emersonís Modernity and the Example of Goethe. Columbia, MO:  University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Van Leer, David. Emerson's Epistemology: The Argument of the Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.

Versluis, Arthur. The Hermetic Book of Nature: An American Revolution in Consciousness. St. Paul, Minn.: Grail, 1997.

Wagoner, Hyatt. Emerson as Poet.  Princeton University: Princeton, 1974.

Whicher, Stephen. Freedom and Fate: An Inner Life of Emerson. NY: AS Barnes, 1953. Note Note

Wilson, Eric. Emerson's Sublime Science. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1999. Introduction (chapter 1).

Yoder, R. A. Emerson and the Orphic Poet in America. Berkeley: Univ of California P, 1978.

Zwarg, Christina. Feminist Conversations: Fuller, Emerson, and the Play of Reading. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1995.

Links to books on Emerson and on-line criticism [UUA Bookstore site] Web Site

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